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A Roman millstone found near Cambridge was decorated with a carving of a penis – an “image of strength and masculinity” – archaeologists have revealed.

The millstone and others were discovered three years ago during road works to improve a 21 mile stretch of the A14 between Cambridge and Huntingdon.

The finds come from the remains of a Roman villa near the town of Godmanchester, a Highways England spokesman told MailOnline.

However, the fallographic carving — which was made to give good luck and protection to the millstone and its flour — was only recently identified by experts.

The upgraded stretch of road was opened to traffic in May last year, but the millstone wasn’t the only archaeological find revealed before the works were finished.

Other finds included the tusk of a woolly mammoth, the skull of a woolly rhinoceros, an abandoned medieval village and three dismembered men from 1,500 years ago.

Archaeologists also found the earliest known evidence for brewing beer in Britain, dating as far back as 400 BC.

A Roman millstone (pictured) found near Cambridge was decorated with a carving of a penis – an ‘image of strength and masculinity’ – archaeologists have revealed

According to Highways England archeology leader for the A14, Steve Sherlock, the penis-decorated millstone is important because it “adds to the evidence for such depictions from Roman Britain.”

“There were known associations between images of the phallus and grinding, such as those found over the bakeries of Pompeii, one inscribed Hic Habitat Felicitas – ‘You Will Find Happiness Here,'” he explained.

“The phallus was seen in the Roman world as an important image of strength and masculinity, where it was customary for legionnaires to wear a phallus amulet, which would bring them good luck for battle.”

The millstone and others were discovered three years ago during road works to improve a 21 mile stretch of the A14 between Cambridge and Huntingdon.  Pictured, the excavation site

The millstone and others were discovered three years ago during road works to improve a 21 mile stretch of the A14 between Cambridge and Huntingdon. Pictured, the excavation site

The millstone has been examined by experts from the Museum of London Archeology Headland Infrastructure and Oxford Archaeology.

In addition to carving the phallus on the top of the millstone, the team discovered two crosses engraved on the perimeter.

The quern itself would have been a simple hand mill, typically consisting of two round stones between which maize is ground.

According to the archaeologists, the millstone appeared to have been broken during use and then modified to be used as a saddle beetle – a basic stone in the milling process – which would have hidden the genital image from view,

The millstone has been examined by experts from the Museum of London Archeology Headland Infrastructure and Oxford Archaeology.  In addition to carving the phallus on the top of the millstone, the team discovered two crosses engraved on the perimeter.  Pictured, Oxford archeology expert Ruth Shaffrey, posing with the phallus-bearing millstone

The millstone has been examined by experts from the Museum of London Archeology Headland Infrastructure and Oxford Archaeology. In addition to carving the phallus on the top of the millstone, the team discovered two crosses engraved on the perimeter. Pictured, Oxford archeology expert Ruth Shaffrey, posing with the phallus-bearing millstone

The researchers reported that more than 300 quern millstones were recovered during archaeological work on the A14 upgrade project.

Decorated querns and millstones of any date are rare – and only four Roman millstones have ever been discovered totaling about 20,000 in the entire country.

While crosses on such stones are more common, they’re usually only found in military sites, the team explained.

‘As one of only four known examples of Romano-British millstones decorated in this way, the A14 millstone is a very important find,’ said Ruth Shaffrey, the stone specialist at Oxford Archaeology.

‘It provides insight into the importance of the mill to the local community and into the protective properties imparted to the millstone and its products (the flour) by the depiction of a phallus on the top surface.’

The improved stretch of road (pictured) opened last May - but the millstone wasn't the only archaeological find revealed before the work was completed.  Other finds included the tusk of a woolly mammoth, the skull of a woolly rhinoceros, an abandoned medieval village and three dismembered men from 1,500 years ago.  Archaeologists have also found the earliest known evidence of brewing beer in Britain, dating as far back as 400 BC.

The improved stretch of road (pictured) opened last May – but the millstone wasn’t the only archaeological find revealed before the work was completed. Other finds included the tusk of a woolly mammoth, the skull of a woolly rhinoceros, an abandoned medieval village and three dismembered men from 1,500 years ago. Archaeologists have also found the earliest known evidence of brewing beer in Britain, dating as far back as 400 BC.

The millstone was discovered three years ago during road works to improve a 34-mile stretch of the A14 between Cambridge and Huntingdon.  The finds come from the remains of a Roman villa near Godmanchester, a Highways England spokesman told MailOnline.

The millstone was discovered three years ago during road works to improve a 34-mile stretch of the A14 between Cambridge and Huntingdon. The finds come from the remains of a Roman villa near Godmanchester, a Highways England spokesman told MailOnline.

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